What to Do Before, During and After a Flood

flood When you find yourself living in a flood-prone area, it always pays to prepare you and your family in case a flood does happen. Flooding in whatever form or stage can cause some considerable damage to property as well as can cause some lives to be lost during its course. There are regular river floods as well as flash floods. The difference between them may be associated with how they come and cause damage.

Regular river flooding tend to be slower in developing and may be easily observed by looking at how fast the water level of the river goes up. River flooding slowly creeps up through dry areas and tend to last for days before they disappear. This type of flooding can cause considerable damage to property with minimal effect on human casualties. Flash flood on the other hand can come suddenly without much warning and may last as long as an hour. Its suddenness and intensity is what makes flash floods dangerous to humans.

Whatever floods are prone in your area, you should always be ready for what may happen. Being prepared will make you more able in dealing with the aftermath. Here are some tips that will help you and your family to prepare for flooding in your area.


Before the Flood

Discuss flood plans with your family. Having a flood plan on hand would help you and your family know what to do in different flood situations. Discussing the plans ahead of time can help reduce the incidence of panic and can teach everyone know how to respond even in severe flooding.

Try checking the roads that you usually travel on to see if these areas also experience flooding. Look for alternative routes that you can use even during flooding.

Keep a battery-powered portable radio always handy to be informed on any flood warnings and updates in your area. Make sure that you also have flashlights in working order.

Fill up your car with fuel beforehand. There are some gas stations that may not be operational in case electric power is cut off during a flooding event.

Store enough drinking water in food-grade containers for you and your family. There is a great chance that water service may be interrupted during a flood.

Stock up on food that requires little cooking and no refrigeration to ensure that you have something to eat even if electric power in your area is interrupted.

Try to keep first-aid supplies and prescription medicines on hand for medical emergencies.


During the Flood

If flood advisories are telling people to evacuate, waste no time in doing so immediately. Try to move your family to a safe area before every access road is cut off by the rushing flood water.

As much as possible, don’t drive if there is no need for it. There is always danger present driving in flood waters no matter how safe you think it is. Remember, a foot of rushing flood water has enough force to move a vehicle.

Try to stay clear of areas that are subject to flooding. This includes low lying areas, canyons, and valleys.

Avoid camping or parking your vehicle along streams and rivers especially when a flood warning has already been issued.

Always proceed with caution at night when it is much more difficult to recognize flood dangers.

Avoid as much as possible in driving through a flooded road. The depth of water may not be always obvious and you can get yourself stranded or trapped.


After the Flood

When you think it is already safe to venture out, proceed immediately to the nearest hospital to get some necessary medical care.

Avoid going to disaster areas after the flood. Your presence there might slow down rescue and other emergency operations.

During power outages, try to use flashlights instead of open-flamed candles. Be cautious of using an open flame as a light source. It can be a fire risk.

Report broken electric and other utility lines in your area to appropriate authorities so that they can be repaired as soon as possible.

Boil your water before drinking them. Water wells may be at risk of contamination and should be tested for purity before drinking from them.

 
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