Threat of Disease Rises with Floods

flooding and diseaseThe recent flooding in the UK, Bangladesh, India, Korea, Indonesia, and now Africa has displaced quite a number of people, damaged a lot of public and private properties, destroyed agricultural crops and livestocks, and crippled the economy of countries. 

But the news of these obvious destructions and the lost in human life are not the only effects that we should worry about from flooding of this magnitude. It is what happens after the water subsides that we really begin to feel that what happened was a disaster. The outbreak of diseases are of great concerns when floods occur especially in hot countries were illnesses easily spreads.

During floods, one of the most likely disease to strike first is cholera. By relocating huge numbers of people and cramming them in small confined areas, sanitation would certainly become a problem. The water and food supplies would become contaminated and people would likely develop infection of the gut causing chronic diarrhea and vomiting, both symptoms of cholera.

Frequent diarrhea and vomiting would then cause severe dehydration that can lead to a lot of things, the worst case being death. and, in extreme cases, death.

A partner of cholera is dysentery which is caused by parasites also from contaminated food and water. Nausea, loose bowel movement, weight loss, and occasional fever are the general symptoms of dysentery. Each one is potentially dangerous in itself, thus combining the two is really deadly.

The treatment of cholera and dysentery are through antibiotics but since drugs don’t work that fast because of the resilience of the disease. Therefore, in cases where flood victims are diagnosed with cholera and dysentery, immediate rehydration would be the best approach to save their lives. But of course, improving sanitation in the evacuation areas and making sure that the water and food supplies are clean are the best ways to avoid a epidemic to occur.

Airborne disease are the next wave of disease that would most likely hit your relocation areas once the floodwaters go down. Stagnant floodwaters, and the marshes created by the flood are perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes and other insects.

Malaria and dengue fever are highly possible. Some of the symptoms of Malaria include high fever and chills. The disease can be treated but when left alone can easily lead to death. Mostly infants, children, and pregnant women are affected by Malaria and dengue fever.

Malaria, dengue fever, cholera and dysentery are but a few of the disease that can easily rise from flooding situations. There are more waterborne and vector borne diseases out there, some unique in certain countries while others don’t choose victims, bu all are potentially dangerous and can easily increase the plight of already suffering victims.

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